Skibs- og marineteknologi Vejledning til implementering af et netværk til styringssystemer til flåder

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1 Dansk standard DS/ISO udgave Skibs- og marineteknologi Vejledning til implementering af et netværk til styringssystemer til flåder Ships and marine technology Guidelines for implementation of a fleet management system network

2 DS/ISO København DS projekt: ICS: Deskriptorer: skibs- og marineteknologi,vejledning,flåder,netværk,styringssystem Første del af denne publikations betegnelse er: DS/ISO, hvilket betyder, at det er en international standard, der har status som dansk standard Denne publikations overensstemmelse er: IDT med: ISO 15849:2001. DS-publikationen er på engelsk. DS-publikationstyper DANSK STANDARD udgiver forskellige publikationstyper. Typen på denne publikation fremgår af forsiden. Der kan være tale om: Dansk standard standard, der er udarbejdet på nationalt niveau, eller som er baseret på et andet lands nationale standard eller standard, der er udarbejdet på internationalt og/eller europæisk niveau, og som har fået status som dansk standard DS-information publikation, der er udarbejdet på nationalt niveau, og som ikke har opnået status som standard, eller publikation, der er udarbejdet på internationalt og/eller europæisk niveau, og som ikke har fået status som standard, fx en teknisk rapport, eller europæisk præstandard DS-håndbog samling af standarder, eventuelt suppleret med informativt materiale DS-hæfte publikation med informativt materiale Til disse publikationstyper kan endvidere udgives tillæg og rettelsesblade DS-publikationsform Publikationstyperne udgives i forskellig form som henholdsvis fuldtekstpublikation (publikationen er trykt i sin helhed) godkendelsesblad (publikationen leveres i kopi med et trykt DS-omslag) elektronisk (publikationen leveres på et elektronisk medie) DS-betegnelse Alle DS-publikationers betegnelse begynder med DS efterfulgt af et eller flere præfikser og et nr. fx DS 383, DS/EN 5414 osv. Hvis der efter nr. er angivet at A eller Cor, betyder det, enten at det er et tillæg eller et rettelsesblad til hovedstandarden, eller at det er indført i hovedstandarden. DS-betegnelse angives på forsiden. Overensstemmelse med anden publikation: Overensstemmelse kan enten være IDT, EQV, NEQ eller MOD IDT: Når publikationen er identisk med en given publikation. EQV: Når publikationen teknisk er i overensstemmelse med en given publikation, men præsentationen er ændret. NEQ: Når publikationen teknisk eller præsentationsmæssigt ikke er i overensstemmelse med en given standard, men udarbejdet på baggrund af denne. MOD: Når publikationen er modificeret i forhold til en given publikation.

3 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO First edition Ships and marine technology Guidelines for implementation of a fleet management system network Navires et technologie maritime Lignes directrices pour la mise en oeuvre d'un système de management d'une flotte par réseau Reference number ISO 15849:2001(E) ISO 2001

4 PDF disclaimer This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat accepts no liability in this area. Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated. Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below. ISO 2001 All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body in the country of the requester. ISO copyright office Case postale 56 CH-1211 Geneva 20 Tel Fax Web

5 Contents Page 1 Scope Terms and definitions Abbreviated terms FMS network architecture General architecture Network design Network management Network security Encryption Database model Database management system (DBMS) Shipboard information technology platform (SITP) Introduction The SITP data acquisition service SITP executive services Communications services SITP underlying system service Land-based information technology platform (LITP) General Data acquisition services Executive services Communications manager Configuration manager Application program interfaces (APIs) Introduction Overview of APIs API applications API levels of implementation System hardware System hardware Communications bus Fault tolerance Fault tolerance Robustness Demonstration and validation General Test philosophy System hardware test LAN software assessment... 15

6 10.5 Tests and trials Quality plan General Design and testing of the computer services Operation and maintenance Human interface General Visual display unit (VDU) Screen image paging Training and documentation General Documentation Bibliography... 19

7 Foreword ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization. International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 3. Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this International Standard may be the subject of patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. International Standard ISO was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology, Subcommittee SC 10, Computer applications.

8 Introduction Competent information management is essential for safe and productive operation of ships and for regulatory compliance. A short list of some of the functions affected includes decision aids for communications, cargo operations, maintenance and repair, personnel records and environmental protection. The shipbuilding and shipping industries have identified a need to develop comprehensive standards and guides for implementing computer-based shipboard data-management systems. It is the intent of this International Standard to provide guidelines for the design and implementation of an open client/server architecture for computer and communication networks for shipboard and shore-based applications, as well as guidelines to application software providers to allow ready integration of software applications. Furthermore, it is the intent of this International Standard to provide guidelines that will promote and enable remote support of the shipboard data systems/networks from support offices ashore. This International Standard is also intended to assist vessel owners, designers, shipyards, equipment suppliers and computer service providers in the development of contract technical specifications which detail the services to be supported, performance required and criteria for acceptance for specific installations.

9 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 15849:2001(E) Ships and marine technology Guidelines for implementation of a fleet management system network 1 Scope This International Standard provides an overview and guide for the selection and implementation by shipowners and operators of a fleet management system (FMS) network of computer services. This includes a) guidelines for the general infrastructure, including wide area network, data transmission services and common database facilities, b) guidelines for the shipboard installations, including services to application programs, and c) guidelines for land-based installations, including services to application programs. This International Standard does not purport to address the requirements for safety-related systems, e.g. navigation, radio communication as well as systems used to control the operation of the ship. This International Standard does not purport to address any of the environmental considerations associated with the use of the fleet management system. 2 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this International Standard, the following terms and definitions apply. 2.1 application program computer program that performs a task related to the process being controlled rather than to the functioning of the computer itself 2.2 application program interface API software tool kit that can be used as a building block that facilitates connections primarily between applications and other constituent network software, but that can also provide linkages for other elements of the network 2.3 black box test test that is based on the design application and does not require a knowledge of the internal program structure 2.4 certification process of formal approval, by an authority empowered to do so, of arrangements or systems for the reception, storage or transmission of data and intelligence relative to the management, operation or control of vessels 2.5 client/server database engine commercial database management system serving as a repository for all critical ship operating and configuration information 1